SQL Server BACKUP DATABASE command
There are only two commands for backup, the primary is BACKUP DATABASE. This allows you to do a complete backup of your database as well as differential, file, etc. backups depending on the options that you use.
The BACKUP DATABASE command gives you many options for creating backups. Following are different examples.
Create a full backup to disk
The command is BACKUP DATABASE databaseName. The “TO DISK” option specifies that the backup should be written to disk and the location and filename to create the backup is specified.
Create a differential backup
This command adds the “WITH DIFFERENTIAL” option.
Create a file level backup
This command uses the “WITH FILE” option to specify a file backup. You need to specify the logical filename within the database which can be obtained by using the command sp_helpdb ‘databaseName’, specifying the name of your database.
Create a filegroup backup
This command uses the “WITH FILEGROUP” option to specify a filegroup backup. You need to specify the filegroup name from the database which can be obtained by using the command sp_helpdb ‘databaseName’, specifying the name of your database.
Create a full backup to multiple disk files
This command uses the “DISK” option multiple times to write the backup to three equally sized smaller files instead of one large file.
Create a full backup with a password
This command creates a backup with a password that will need to be supplied when restoring the database.
Create a full backup with progress stats
This command creates a full backup and also displays the progress of the backup. The default is to show progress after every 10%.
Here is another option showing stats after every 1%.
Create a backup and give it a description
This command uses the description option to give the backup a name. This can later be used with some of the restore commands to see what is contained with the backup. The maximum size is 255 characters.
Create a mirrored backup
This option allows you to create multiple copies of the backups, preferably to different locations.
Specifying multiple options
This next example shows how you can use multiple options at the same time.