#affordable health insurance
The Hidden Costs of ‘Affordable’ Health Insurance Plans
Finding a policy that meets your needs and budget can be daunting. Here’s what you need to know about the so-called affordable plans.
The Affordable Care Act promises to expand access to health care by providing affordable coverage to millions of Americans. But finding a policy that meets your health care needs and your budget requirements can be daunting.
Now the good news: Shopping for health insurance is about to get easier.
For starters, the state-based health insurance marketplaces and federal exchange created by the Affordable Care Act provide consumers with a one-stop shopping experience to easily compare the costs and benefits of plans, says Kevin Lucia, senior research fellow at Georgetown University’s Center on Health Insurance Reforms. These marketplaces offer tax credits and subsidies to people with low and moderate incomes.
To ease the shopping experience, insurers must provide a summary of benefits and coverage along with a standardized glossary of medical terms. When comparing plans, think about the health care services you use or anticipate using and the financial ramifications of not having access to the services and providers you want, Lucia says.
Among the factors to keep in mind when shopping for an affordable health insurance plan :
Consider Cost-Sharing Expenses
Many consumers focus on premiums, but out-of-pocket expenses (also know as cost sharing ) can turn what at first appears to be an affordable plan into a financial burden. While cost-sharing charges vary from plan to plan, the Affordable Care Act caps out-of-pocket costs at $6,600 for individuals and $13,200 for a family in 2015.
Determining your potential out-of-pocket expenses can be tricky because the language of cost sharing – deductible, co-payment, coinsurance – can be confusing, says Susan Pisano, a spokeswoman for America’s Health Insurance Plans, which represents the health insurance industry. But taking the time to calculate these costs is worthwhile.
The deductible is the sum you must pay up front for health care services before your policy’s coverage kicks in. For example, a $1,000 deductible means you’ll need to spend $1,000 before the plan starts paying for covered services. Under the ACA, you are entitled to preventive care – such as annual checkups, immunizations, mammograms, colonoscopy and blood pressure screenings – at no additional cost whether or not you have met the deductible.
Ellen Pryga, director of policy at the American Hospital Association, advises consumers to consider their money management style when deciding between a plan that has a low premium (but high deductible) or a slightly higher premium (but lower deductible). Some people have no trouble establishing a savings account to cover the deductible, she says. For other people, savings is more difficult. They may be better off paying the slightly higher premium so they aren’t tempted to touch that savings account for other reasons.
The co-payment is the flat fee ($20, for example) you pay each time you access care, like visiting the doctor. Those little things can add up depending on how you use services, Pisano says. For instance, co-payments can multiply quickly if you take several medications prescribed by various specialists who all require a visit to the doctor’s office to renew a prescription.
Coinsurance refers to the percentage of the cost of a covered health care service that you must pay. Let’s say your plan comes with a 20 percent coinsurance. An office visit that costs $100 leaves you with a 20 percent coinsurance payment of $20. These costs can add up quickly, too, when you consider that 20 percent of an emergency department visit or a lengthy hospital stay can lead to thousands of dollars in coinsurance payments. For example, the average cost for non-complicated pregnancy and newborn care can total more than $30,000.