Finance USA

Aug 26 2019

#American state id \ #Video

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American state id


American Goldfinch Identification

Breeding male

Small finch with a short, conical bill and a short, notched tail. Breeding males are bright yellow with black forehead, black wings with white markings.

Nonbreeding male

Small finch with a conical bill and notched tail. Nonbreeding males are a drab, unstreaked brown, with blackish wings and two pale wingbars.

Breeding male

Often feeds on small-seeded plants such as thistles. Breeding males have black cap, wings, and tail; bright yellow body.

Breeding female

Breeding females are duller yellow beneath and more olive above than breeding males.

Immatures are brown above and pale yellow below, shading to buff on the sides. Two buffy wingbars mark their dark wings.

Breeding male

Song is long and jumbled; may include mimicked elements of other birds’ songs. Males sing from high, exposed perches. Note white in tail, which is conspicuous in flight.


Females/immatures are pale yellow below and don’t have streaked underparts.

Breeding male

Breeding males have a black forehead, a yellow back, and black-and-white wings. Some males have more white-tipped (worn) feathers on their wings than others.


These nimble birds feed on small-seeded plants including sycamores. Females are brownish without any streaking and have distinctive, bold black wings with whitish wingbars.

Breeding male

Balances on the seedheads of thistles, dandelions, and other plants to pluck seeds.

Frequently feeds in flocks at sunflower and nyjer seed feeders.


Despite having a fairly small bill for a finch, goldfinches can crack and remove the hard shells of sunflowers, then crush the seed inside before swallowing.

Compare with Similar Species

Click on an image to compare

The Four Keys to ID

A small finch with a short, conical bill and a small, head, long wings, and short, notched tail.

Relative Size

Smaller than a Tufted Titmouse

sparrow-sized or smaller

  • Both Sexes
    • Length: 4.3-5.1 in (11-13 cm)
    • Weight: 0.4-0.7 oz (11-20 g)
    • Wingspan: 7.5-8.7 in (19-22 cm)

Adult males in spring and early summer are bright yellow with black forehead, black wings with white markings, and white patches both above and beneath the tail. Adult females are duller yellow beneath, olive above. Winter birds are drab, unstreaked brown, with blackish wings and two pale wingbars.

These are active and acrobatic little finches that cling to weeds and seed socks, and sometimes mill about in large numbers at feeders or on the ground beneath them. Goldfinches fly with a bouncy, undulating pattern and often call in flight, drawing attention to themselves.

The goldfinch’s main natural habitats are weedy fields and floodplains, where plants such as thistles and asters are common. They’re also found in cultivated areas, roadsides, orchards, and backyards. American Goldfinches can be found at feeders any time of year, but most abundantly during winter.


Written by United States

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