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Russia, the Black sea and military strategy of Romania

Russia, the Black sea and military strategy of Romania
On the participation of Bucharest in the militarization of the black sea region

In the new National defence strategy of Romania for the years 2020-2024 confirmed the policy of strengthening the defense capability of the European Union, the promotion of strategic partnership EU – USA and the Black sea is defined as “the area of maximum strategic interest.”

As diplomatic tools to build Romanian influence on the Eastern flank of NATO Strategy, it is proposed to use previous initiatives and structures were in place – the “Eastern partnership” Bucharest “nine” and “Treemore” at enhancing military cooperation between the three countries-NATO members – Romania, Poland and Turkey.

Russia is characterized in the National defense strategy of Romania as a hostile state, takes a “hybrid action of militarization of the black sea region” and undermine the foundations of regional security and the international liberal order. As threats to the national security of Romania provided the creation of the Russian system of balance of power, limiting the combat capabilities of NATO in the region, and developing cooperation with the Republic of Moldova.

As you know, the program Eastern partnership (launched in 2009) aimed at the isolation of six post-Soviet republics (Ukraine, Moldova, Belarus, Georgia, Azerbaijan, Armenia) from the integration processes in the Eurasian space.

Bucharest “nine” (Romania, Bulgaria, Poland, Hungary, the Czech Republic, Slovakia, Lithuania, Latvia and Estonia) appeared with the assistance of Washington in 2015, her goal is to isolate the Balkans from Russia, to prevent the emergence of a geopolitical axis Belgrade – Moscow.

Therefore, in the National defence strategy of Romania, one of the vectors of the Romanian military policy along with Russia provided Western Balkans. Bucharest supports the accession of Serbia, Montenegro, Albania, Northern Macedonia to the European Union, in order to prevent the emergence in the Balkans of the independent center forces, which may take Serbia, with Russian support.


Treemore

The project “Treemore”, initiated by Poland and the United States in 2016, is aimed at creating some sort of anti-Russian cordon of the twelve member countries of the EU, located between the Baltic, Black and Adriatic seas. From the beginning this project was actively supported by Romania.

The choice of Bucharest’s geopolitical partners are not accidental. Turkey needs the Romanian strategy to exert pressure on Russia on both flanks of the black sea region. The prospect of a by 2023 channel “Istanbul” Romanians also consider. The canal bypassing the Bosphorus, connecting Black sea with Marmara, and hence to the Mediterranean.

This will lead to a revision of the Montreux Convention of 1936, which limits the grade, tonnage and timing of the presence of military courts nachimovsky States in the Bosphorus Strait during their passage from the Black sea to the Mediterranean. Ankara will be able at its discretion to regulate the passage of foreign warships through a new channel without reference to the Montreux Convention. Romania, advocating for increased military presence of the US and NATO in the black sea region, is at hand.

Western experts referred to the Montreux Convention, the main factor limiting the influence of NATO in the Black sea basin. One of the ways to extend that influence to promote a military Union of Romania and Bulgaria under the control of Washington with the build-up of firepower (air defense system, coast artillery) along the black sea coast of these countries.

Previously, Bucharest had formally appealed to Ankara to support the idea of placing in the black sea region permanent NATO base, but was refused because of the reluctance of Ankara to spoil relations with Moscow. In Bucharest I hope, however, that Turkey can be persuaded in the future.

Now Ankara is blocking a NATO plan to security for Poland and the Baltic States, demanding instead to recognize the terrorist Kurdistan workers ‘ party and the Kurdish Party of democratic unity. Bucharest occupies in this matter is expectant attitude.

A key ally of Romania is Poland. Both countries coordinate the purchase of American weapons (F-16 fighter aircraft and artillery systems, while Romania spends on them most of all in Eastern Europe – 33% of the military budget) modernization of transport and logistics infrastructure between the Baltic and the Black sea (the motorway Via Carpathia). And Warsaw, and Bucharest intend to increase their military spending to 2.2% of GDP.

The Romanian contingent is part of the battalion group to NATO in the North-East of Poland, the Polish contingent is stationed in the South-East of Romania on the basis of Craiova (Craiova). Romania and Poland are to intensify military contacts with Bulgaria and the Baltic countries with the aim to create a space of continuous geo-strategic control of NATO from the Balkans to the Western borders of the Eurasian Union.

It is noteworthy that in the Romanian document also refers to the Caucasus as one of the unstable foreign policy directions. Bucharest hopes to contribute its mite to the strengthening of design by the United States anti-Russian Baltic-black sea arc from the Gulf to the Caucasus.

The official representative of Russian foreign Ministry Maria Zakharova called plans of Bucharest set out in the National defence strategy of Romania, shadow trick to strengthen the US military presence and NATO in the Black sea, that is, for the militarization of the black sea region.

Vladislav Gulevich

News site REMMONT.COM. Using the materials, put the link back.

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Russia, the Black sea and military strategy of Romania

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